French President Emmanuel Macron has cautioned Turkey against what he called an “invasion of Syria”. This is supremely ironic as France joined the US led coalition during the wholly illegal bombing campaigns against the Syrian Arab Republic. While Turkey’s presence remains unwelcome by Syria and is consequently not strictly legal, Turkey’s cooperation with Syrian partners Russia and Iran as part of the Astana format, has in fact normalised elements of the Turkish presence in Syria, not least because Damascus has approved every memorandum from the Astana peace talks which authorise a specific Turkish presence in the country. In this sense, French, American, and pan-EU activities in Syria are totally illegal, while Turkey does now have some legitimate claims to its operations, both because of the Astana memoranda and also because of an element of international law called the Caroline Test
Article 51 of the UN charter permits self-defence in the face of aggression, but when this Article is insufficient in respect of justifying a military action, the UN considers the Caroline Test as a justification for a small military action in a foreign state, if an attack is reasonably feared to be imminent and the response is proportional. Before it was known that Iraq had Syria’s permission to conduct anti-Daesh airstrikes over Syria in 2017, it was the Caroline Test which absolved Iraq of any wrongdoing. Likewise, before it was known that the closest thing Libya has to a military, the Libyan National Army of Khalifa Haftar gave the Egyptian Air Force permission to strike terrorist targets in 2017 and it was the Caroline Test which was used to demonstrate the legality of Egypt’s anti-terrorist strikes over Libya.
American and European hypocrisy
When Turkey invaded Syria in 2015 as part of Operation Euphrates Shield, Europe and the United States encouraged and praised Ankara in spite of the operation being unambiguously illegal and totally counterproductive. Likewise, when US forces illegally bombed and invaded Syria, this was met with full approval from most of Europe including France whose Air Force briefly joined the US in committing criminal airstrikes against Syrian territory.
Likewise, no US official or EU government has ever criticised the numerous illegal “Israeli” airstrikes against sovereign Syrian territory, which have only increased in number as Syria continues to achieve victories against terrorist forces. Far from endorsing Syria’s legally steadfast position that any unwelcome troops, proxies, mercenaries, “volunteers” and terrorists on its territory are invading forces, Macron like his EU and US partners, is actually defending a tacit “Israeli” position, one that the Zionist regime does not even have the nerve to defend in public.
The Kurdish/Zionist Connection
Kurdish extremist groups in the Middle East have long had ties with the Zionist regime, in spite of the fact that many Kurdish groups in the region do not even have strong relations with one another. “Israel” had long helped train, as well as share intelligence with and fund radical Kurdish secessionists in northern Iraq. The goal of Tel Aviv was to weaken strong Arabist governments in the region through funding insurgent groups with a longer term goal of bifurcating and Balkanising the unity of the Arab world.
Prior to the Iraqi Kurds voting in an illegal secessionist referendum in September of 2017, the leader of the occupier entity Benjamin Netanyahu, came out in public offering his regime’s support for Kurdish secessionists in Iraq.
Turkey’s President Erdogan responded by saying,
“This shows one thing, that this administration (in northern Iraq) has a history with Mossad (the Israeli Secret Intelligence Service), they are hand-in-hand together”.
Erdogan further admonished Iraqi Kurdish secessionists saying,
“Are you aware of what you are doing? Only Israel supports you. Wake up from this dream!”
Through the joint efforts of the Iraqi Armed Forces, Popular Mobilisation Units and the cooperation of Iran and Turkey, Iraq was able to swiftly end the Kurdish insurgency in late 2017.
Syria’s Kurds and “Israel”
In 2013, at the nadir of the Takfiri war of terrorism against the Syrian Arab Republic, the radical Kurdish group YPG/PYD, took advantaged of an embattled Syrian state and decided to declare their own semi-independent but wholly illegal and unrecognised regime in northern Syria that they then called “Rojava”. While Kurds who had been given full citizenship by Syria could have enlisted in the Syrian Arab Army to fight for the territorial integrity of the country, they instead formed their own-pseudo state on Syrian land, just as Daesh did the same across parts of Syria and Iraq.
An article from 2013, originally published in The Times of Israel, reveals high levels of support for the Kurdish regime on the part of Tel Aviv, while also quoting Kurdish extremists in Syria, who had nothing but praise to offer for the occupier of Palestine. The article quotes a Kurdish “journalist” called Ayub Nuri who told The Times of Israel,
“Kurds are deeply sympathetic to Israel and an independent Kurdistan will be beneficial to Israel. It will create a balance of power. Right now, Israel is one country against many. But with an independent Kurdish state, first of all Israel will have a genuine friend in the region for the first time, and second, Kurdistan will be like a buffer zone in the face of the Turkey, Iran and Iraq”.
Nuri, using rhetoric that will be familiar to all “Israel” watchers, openly boasted about a would-be Kurdish statelet acting as a “buffer zone” for the Zionist armed forces, while implying that this would allow “Israel” further opportunities to attack both Syria, Iraq and Turkey in the event for a conflict.
Turning back to Iraqi Kurds, the article ominously predicts that in the case of Kurdish secession in Northern Iraq, the Kurds would find stronger allies in Tel Aviv than in Washington,
“On this issue, Israeli interests run counter to the current American position. Ties between Israel and the Kurds run deep. A Mossad officer named Sagi Chori was sent to help his close friend, the late iconic Kurdish leader Mulla Mustafa Barzani, manage the Kurds’ battles against the Iraqi army in the 1960s. (The partnership has been well-documented in Kurdish and Israeli media.) And reports of Israel training Kurdish commandos continue to surface. Nationalist Kurds tend to see Israel as a role model for an independent Kurdistan, a small nation surrounded by enemies and bolstered by a strategic partnership with the United States”.
The article concludes by saying,
“With few friends in the region, the Kurds will likely look to Israel to help them gain security and closer relations with the United States. As Arab governments in the Middle East totter and fall, and Islamists look to exploit the chaos, the alliance is one that both countries may find beneficial to pursue”.
In 2016, The Times of Israel again praised the possibility of a Kurdish statelet in Syria acting as an ally of Tel Aviv in an article titled, “After declaring autonomy, Syrian Kurds ‘open to ties with Israel”. In this article Professor Ofra Bengio, head of the Kurdish studies program at Tel Aviv University, said, “[The Syrian Kurds] are a community of people who are willing to cooperate with Israel”.
Behind the rhetoric
While some will ascribe Macron’s anti-Turkish remarks as pandering to ethnic-Kurdish voters living in France and throughout the EU more widely, this is only part of the equation as there are many Turkish duel-nationals who also live throughout the EU, including in France. While French, American, German and British leaders were all too happy to participate in the destruction of Syria on their own terms, when it comes to Turkey versus a political group with strong ties to “Israel”, the mask of concern for Syria’s territorial unity quickly slips off.
In reality, Macron is merely taking the side of a pro-“Israeli” political extremist group over the side of Turkey which has genuine security concerns regarding Kurdish terrorism. Between 1984 and the present day, Kurdish terrorists have killed more people in Turkey than the total number of individuals killed by terrorists on US soil, in the entire history of the United States. Furthermore, the linkage between the Syrian based YPG/PYD and the Turkish based PKK is unambiguous. Not only do YPG militants openly proclaim their loyalty to imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan, but within the last 24 hours, Turkish soldiers have uncovered a series of secret tunnels used by the YPG on the Turkish border with Syria. In these tunnels, Turkish Army personnel discovered “diaries of terrorists written in Turkish and Kurdish as well as many political documents and images of Abdullah Ocalan, the terrorist head of the PKK, the parent group of the terrorist PYD/PKK — underlining the close links between the terror groups”.
In spite of its NATO membership, when Turkey and “Israel” find themselves on opposite sides of a key matter, one can always count on US and European officials to take the side of Tel Aviv rather than Ankara. Where Turkey has made a commitment to respecting Syria’s territorial integrity in partnership with Russia and Iran, “Israel” has occupied Syria’s Golan Heights in contravention to international law since 1967. The Kurdish regime in northern Syria looks to do something similar on Turkey’s borders and crucially, it looks to do so in areas where Syria has the majority of its oil deposits.
While Macron and others in the west continue to do the bidding of Israel, Turkey has, for its own justified self-interested reasons, done Syria a big favour by working to contain a would-be “Israeli” satellite state built on Syria territory.