Chelsea Manning has been released from a US prison after 62 days of incarceration. Her “crime” was refusing to testify before a secret grand jury over matters that could compromise the safety of individuals involved with Wikileaks including and especially Julian Assange.
Due to her refusal to testify, she was sentenced to a term in prison that would expire only if Manning decided to testify or otherwise, when the grand jury and concluded its work. The particular grand jury whose session was the proximate “justification” for Manning’s imprisonment has just concluded and therefore Manning has been released. However, a new grand jury seeking Manning’s testimony is set to begin in less than a week. This could mean that Manning will likely face the grim prospect of going back into prison due to her on the record remarks detailing her principled stand to defend press freedom and the rights of journalists. Far from receiving the genuine freedom she deserves, a temporary reprieve from prison before likely going straight back to the same prison cell is not freedom at all – it is a form of psychological torture.
A statement that Manning recently submitting to a court ought to be compulsory reading for anyone who wants to know what makes Manning a political prisoner in an outrageously unjust circumstance. Her remarks submitted earlier this week can be read below in full:
“UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
In re: Grand Jury Subpoena, )
CHELSEA MANNING, )
Subpoenaed Party. )
1. My name is Chelsea Elizabeth Manning. I am competent to be a witness, and I
possess personal knowledge of the facts set forth below.
2. Currently I am confined at the Alexandria Detention Center (“ADC”), in Alexandria,
Virginia, following a finding of civil contempt on March 8, 2019, for refusing to
cooperate in a grand jury investigation that I believe relates to events already
disclosed in exhaustive testimony in 2013, including the extent of my knowledge.
3. Initially, after arriving at ADC, the jail placed me in Administrative Segregation
(“adseg”) status, despite the stated concerns of myself and my legal representatives
regarding the effects of prolonged isolation compounding the trauma I suffered in a
year of solitary confinement during my previous time in confinement. I stayed on
adseg for 28 days, without any misbehavior or ill will on my or anyone else’s part to
rationalize such isolation. This isolation caused extraordinary pain for me.
4. While in adseg, I suffered many of the ill effects of prolonged isolation as described
by former United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture Juan Mendez. For instance,
consistent with the research of former Harvard Medical School professor Stuart
Grassian, I experienced difficulty keeping attention on anything, sometimes referred
to as a “dissociative stupor.” Thinking and concentrating get harder. Anxiety,
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frustration with minor things, irritation, and a spiraling inability to tolerate each
symptom take hold. At one point I started feeling ill during a short visit in a noncontact visit booth while struggling to have even a normal conversation. After weeks
of under-stimulation, I became nauseated with vertigo and vomited on the floor,
ending my visit prematurely. Such symptoms make up what Grassian describes as a
special psychiatric syndrome caused by prolonged solitary confinement. Many of the
effects last permanently after only fifteen (15) days of isolation.
5. After public outcry and pressure, the ADC released me into general population
(“GP”) after 28 days of isolation.
6. After two months of confinement, and using every legal mechanism available so far, I
can – without any hesitation – state that nothing that will convince me to testify
before this or any other grand jury for that matter. This experience so far only proves
my long held belief that grand juries are simply outdated tools used by the federal
government to harass and disrupt political opponents and activists in fishing
expeditions. Without committing a federal crime, and after exhaustive testimony at a
trial several years ago, I am again ripped from my life by a vindictive and politicallymotivated investigation and prosecution. The way I am being treated proves what a
corrupt and abusive tool the grand jury truly is. With each passing day my
disappointment and frustration grow, but so too do my commitments to doing the
right thing and continuing to refuse to submit.
7. My decision not to testify before grand juries is rooted in the study of history and
philosophical principles. Many times in this nation’s history, people who speak out or
express dissent against the government face disproportionate repression. One of the
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most common tools to silence dissent, the grand jury, attempts to sow distrust within
activists’ organizations and communities through secrecy and compelling exhaustive
and redundant testimony aimed at identifying other members of that community.
8. I understand that this grand jury related to my disclosures of classified and
unclassified but sensitive information and records in 2010. I acted alone in these
disclosures. The government is still preoccupied with punishing me, despite a courtmartial, sentence, and presidential commutation nearly two years ago. This can be
seen in statements and actions by several administration officials, especially the
current secretary of state, who threatened Harvard University over a low-paid
speaking engagement in 2017, when he was Director of Central Intelligence. This
speaks compellingly to my rationale for both my disclosures, for which I already
served time, and my present refusal to cooperate with an increasingly frightening and
untrustworthy government. Let me state clearly, again, that my actions were my own.
9. I believe my principles allow me to focus on helping others, and to challenge the use
of power to coerce or manipulate people. Such coercive power forms what I define as
“violence,” and the “threat of violence” which powerful institutions attempt to
accumulate to obtain more power.
10. I do not believe, nor do I possess any reasonable evidence to believe that participating
in this grand jury could lead to any new theories of criminal liability for any person. I
took responsibility for my actions over six years ago. I find it difficult to comprehend
that the Department of Justice believes that my redundant testimony could actually
provide any value to an investigation. Their stated reasons appear disingenuous at
best and outright malicious at worst. The government’s theories contradict not only
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my testimony, but the forensic evidence the military possesses. Therefore, I suspect
they are simply interested in previewing my potential testimony as a defense witness,
and attempting to undermine my testimony without the benefit of reviewing forensic
evidence. This justifies my theory that participating in this investigation functions
simply to abuse the justice system for political ends.
11. I believe this grand jury seeks to undermine the integrity of public discourse with the
aim of punishing those who expose any serious, ongoing, and systemic abuses of
power by this government, as well as the rest of the international community.
Therefore, participating in this fishing expedition – which potentially exposes other
innocent people to the grand jury process – would constitute an unjustifiable and
unethical action. Now, after sustaining serious psychological injury from my current
confinement, I don’t wish to expose any other person to the trauma and exhaustion of
civil contempt or other forms of prison or coercion.
12. In jail at ADC, I try every day to maintain my physical, mental, and intellectual
capacities, as well as some modicum of human dignity. I live a quiet social life in a
housing unit that holds a dozen people, who rotate frequently. I try to occupy myself
with crossword and sudoku puzzles in the absence of good reading material. I try to
stay positive despite the aftermath of isolation and the knowledge that my life once
again is put on hold for a few more years, potentially. With limited books, I read what
I can, though most are books that are either already read by me or are simply bad. I
am re-accustomed to the intrusion and lack of privacy of frequent searches and heavy
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13. I arrived at ADC with concerns and anxiety about my physical health, particularly so
soon after gender confirmation surgery in October. My post-surgery regimen requires
delicate and regular self-care at least twice daily, including the use of anti-bacterial
soap and dilators. Otherwise, I risk serious medical complications, including
permanent injury or deadly infections. I worry about dilating in an environment rife
with poor hygiene and with limited time and no privacy. I worry about seeing medical
professionals with knowledge about post-operative care if complications develop,
which I have reason to think has already happened. I worry about regular access to
daily hormones. Unfortunately, despite initial assurances by jail and U.S. Marshal
Service (“U.S.M.S.”) officials, such efforts normally come slower and are very
limited. It appears that I have already developed some complications during my stay
at ADC. Medical staff acknowledges they lack expertise to examine or assist me
appropriately, In response, I requested outside professionals at my own expense over
three weeks ago. Despite this, I remain unseen by a professional competent to treat
me. Every passing day further complicates my medical care and health, exposing me
to permanent, intractable complications. The intrinsic bureaucracy and formality of
ADC and USMS policy risks me to permanent harm. I do not know how serious these
complications are, but I may need costly reparative surgery upon my release, causing
me even more permanent injury and psychological harm, not to mention the
expensive medical bills.
14. In an ideal world, agreeing to cooperate would avoid this situation, however, this
government abuses the grand jury process, and forces me to choose between an
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unethical decision and suffering intimate and permanent consequences for doing the
right thing. I am not willing to compromise for my own physical benefit.
15. This decision comes at an overwhelming cost, My physical and mental health
deteriorate rapidly in conditions normally reserved for short term confinement. I am
almost entirely without sunlight. My skin regularly breaks out from bacterial
infections. I gain weight due to poor nutrition, currently at nearly twenty pounds since
16. Sleep and concentration remain difficult. Mental health access remains limited,
without access to comprehensive treatment for complex post-traumatic stress —
stemming in part from previous confinement conditions.
17. My business now falters, without me able to appear at speaking engagements or
professional consultations. I recently laid off a valuable and trusted employee.
Numerous existing contracts remain vulnerable, likely needing renegotiation or
outright cancellation. My friends and colleagues suffer from the impact of my
absence, causing me to worry endlessly about their health and well being. I missed
the premier event of a documentary about my commutation in which dozens of my
friends reunited afterward.
18. I sometimes see visitors, but only in a non-contact booth, with inches of glass
between us. This makes visitation uncomfortable, surreal, and saddening.
19. I receive between dozens and several hundred letters a day. I lack the resources or
time to respond to even a small fraction of these. The impact on my friends and
supporters feels overwhelming and makes me feel lonely.
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20. I receive enormous support from all around the world. My family and close friends all
support me and express their pride of me. It’s emotionally overwhelming sometimes
to see their unwavering generosity. I receive warmth and strength from colleagues,
educators, lawyers, diplomats, activists, factory workers, veterans, journalists, union
leaders, store clerks, gardeners, chefs, airplane pilots, and politicians from all across
the U.S. and the world at large, every class, culture, and age imaginable.
21. Despite the heartbreak and hardship, cooperation with this grand jury is simply not an
option. Doing so would mean throwing away all of my principles, accomplishments,
sacrifices, and erase decades of my reputation – an obvious impossibility.
22. As before, I cannot regain the lost time – which may again extend to years. Repairing
the damage to my relationships and both my physical and mental health might never
come to pass. Whatever one might make of my principles and decisions, I shall
continue to make hard choices and sacrifices rather than relinquish my ethical
positions in exchange for mere trinkets of personal gain or self-pleasure in the form of
23. Over the past decade, I grappled with bouts of depression. I can think of nothing that
could exacerbate those struggles more than pretending to live as someone I am not
once again, and turning my back on everything I care about and fight for. Jail, and
prison, exist as an archaic institution hiding the basest stream of dehumanizing and
humiliating behaviors by the government — a trail of mounting loss and pain. Here,
behind the event horizon, I remain certain that losing the approval, trust, and
acceptance of my friends, family, and supporters would make this situation worse.
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24. I wish to return home. I want to return to my work — writing, speaking, consulting,
and teaching. The idea I hold the keys to my own cell is an absurd one, as I face the
prospect of suffering either way due to this unnecessary and punitive subpoena: I can
either go to jail or betray my principles. The latter exists as a much worse prison than
the government can construct.
25. I digress a bit – but the point is, I’m not going to change my mind. Not now, not ever.
So be it.
I declare under penalty of perjury of the laws of the United States that the
foregoing is true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
Dated: May 5, 2019
The entire statement bears reading as it proves that in an age of avarice and opportunism, genuine individuals with sincere principles still exist. Two such individuals are Chelsea Manning and Julian Assange.